SPAIN. Thermal ATM issues  2OO5 T106 (114)
Date of issue :
January 2005 (1st. date: 12.01.05,Madrid/ 13.01.05,Ph.S.)
47 x 26,5 mm. - Format type 3
Paper :
Thermal phosphorescent self adhesive
Printing process : Offset and invisible ink - Watermark C
Imprint :
Thermal on black
Values / Set :
0,01 € to 99,99 € / Set Ph.S.: 0,28-0,53-0,78€
Design and printer :
RCM-FNMT. Real Casa de la Moneda - Fabrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre
Reference / Printing :
91004 / 100.000.000 of adhesive labels (approx.)
Click on the image to enlarge

The new ATM issue was released jointly with a stamp of the same subject, on January 12th 2005 by the president of Correos, Jose Damian Santiago, and the Spanish Secretary of State for European Affairs, Alberto Navarro.
The media in Spain covered the event widely.

In total they produced 1 million traditional stamps and 100 million ATM labels. These were the approximate quantities used in Spanish post offices for frankings up to the date of the referendum for the European Constitution, on February 20th.

The rolls of this design have been distributed to all the post offices in Spain within two weeks following the date of issue, with the instruction to use them immediately, in franking balances, until exhaustion. This distribution system was also used with the ATM issue 11-M.

The manufacture of the 100 million labels of this issue was made in 2 phases, both in December 2004. It's unusual, but this time it's possible to recognize the adhesive labels made in one phase or the other, because the manufacturing company, RCM-FNMT, used different security cutting dies.

In the images it's possible to see how the papers made initially (Type I) have a much more smooth wavy side than the papers manufactured in the second phase of production (Type II).

Other objective differences between the phases of manufacture are not appraised or can't be applied to all the rolls.

The difference in the side waves is enough to distinguish the two types of papers.
1st manufacture - Type I 2nd manufacture - Type II

RCM-FNMT made the first production run of less than 50 million labels, and these were the first rolls (Type I) distributed and used in the post offices. They later completed the production, on reaching 100 million units. Most post offices received the rolls of this design in 2 separate deliveries.

On the control labels of the rolls of this design we can also find indications about the double production. The last 5 digits located at the end, in the reference number, indicate the number of the roll (44074 in this case). The first rolls, with the labels with smoother undulations (Type I), have a lower numeration, whereas the rolls manufactured later -as this one of the image- has a higher numeration from 25-30000, and contains the labels with the more prominent undulations (Type II).

With approximate productions of 50 million labels per design, the total number of rolls does not exceed 26 or 27000 pieces (26000 rolls x 1900 labels per roll = 49400000 labels). Therefore, all the rolls have numbers between 00001 and 26 to 27000. But we see as for this design that these quantities are largely exceeded.

On March 25th 1957, 6 countries (Germany, Belgium, France, Holland, Italy and Luxembourg) decided in Rome on the Treaty for the European Economic Community (EEC). Over the following years this was complemented by other treaties, like Maastricht, Amsterdam, etc...

In 2001, in Laeken, Belgium, the 15 Heads of the member States of the European Union at that time, decided to convene a European Convention to prepare a document modifying the existing European treaties.
This European Convention, composed of 105 members representing the governments of the member States, began its work on February 28th, 2002, and presented the project of the new Constitution for Europe between June and July of 2003.

This Constitutional Treaty was signed in Rome on October 29th, 2004 by the Heads of State or Governments and the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the 25 member States of the European Union.

After signing, each member state must ratify the Constitution according to its own laws. The Spanish Government have called a referendum on February 20th, 2005.

Under the slogan "Los primeros con Europa" (The first with Europe), the Spanish Government have started an informative campaign on the referendum for the European Constitution.

The consolidation and future of a united Europe, a Europe of 25 member States and 450 million citizens, happens through the establishment of a common Constitution.

The European Constitution replaces most of the current Treaties.

Cover with 1st day postmark, 12.1.2005 (J. L. Martin)

Other philatelic issues

On the same day, January 12th, 2005, a stamp dedicated to the European Constitution was issued. The face value is 0.28 EUR (inland mail) with a printing of 1.000.000 units.

The design is very similar to the ATM issue and reproduces the flag and symbol of the European Union, twelve golden stars on a blue background, and the text 'European Constitution' in the 4 official languages of Spain.

Official First Day Cover of the stamp and commemorative postmark.

With this stamp, the Spanish Philatelic Service will have issued 10 sets (25 stamps) on the European Union from the 1986 issue, dedicated to the admission of Spain into the EEC. Other subjects have been the elections to the European Parliament, the Spanish presidencies of the European Union, the countries of the Euro zone or the latest, the expansion of the European Union.

The first set of this subject was issued on January 7th, 1986 and is composed by 4 stamps, issued like a booklet. The issue commemorates the admission of Spain and Portugal in the European Economic Community (image reduced).

On May 9th, 1989 the first stamp was issued commemorating the Spanish Presidency of the European Communities.

On June 12th, 1989, a stamp commemorated the celebration of the Elections to the European Parliament.

The issue of November 4th, 1992 announced the Single European market.

On October 21st, 1994, a stamp dedicated to the Western European Union.

In July 1st, 1995 Spanish philately commemorates again the Spanish Presidency of the European Union.

The sheet Paises Euro (Euro countries) was issued in May 28th, 1999 and it include 12 stamps with the European flag and the member countries of the Euro zone (right image)

2002 was again the turn of Spain to preside over the European Union, and again Spanish philately commemorated it with the issue of two stamps with the logo.
Finally, on May 3rd., 2004, the stamp dedicated to the fifth Expansion of the European Union was issued.

The European Union and the idea of Europe is a great subject with a possible thematic philatelic collection.

ATM Web - Spain and Latin American Postal Services:
© J. Jove - M. Sans. ATEEME. Variable value stamps study group
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This page was created: 14.01.05 and last updated
21.07.05 . English edition rewritted by S. Goodman (21.07.05)