SPAIN. Thermal ATM issues  1999 T27 (35)
Virgin of Carmen
Date of issue :
September 1999
47 x 27 mm. - Format type 2
Paper :
Thermal phosphorescent self adhesive
Printing process : Offset
Imprint :
Thermal on black
Values / Set :
1 to 9999 Pts / Set Ph.S.: 25-35-70 Pts
Design and printer :
FNMT- Fábrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre / OVELAR, S.A.
Printing :
35.264.000 labels
Click on the image to enlarge

The Order of Carmen was created in the XII cent. on Mount Carmel, in Palestine.
The hermits, called Carmelites, built a chapel in honor of the Virgin Maria of Mount Carmel who appeared on July 16th, 1257 to Saint Simon Stock.

It is not known when and why Spanish sailors, fishermen and navigators began to feel a special devotion to Virgin Maria of Mount Carmel of Palestine, but this tradition became official from the Royal Order of April 19th, 1901 when the Queen of Spain, Maria Cristina of Hapsburg, named her the Virgin of Carmen patron of the Merchant marine. In 1938 she was also named patron saint of the military Navy.

Maximum card Virgen del Carmen (J.M. Laynez)

Although variations in shades of the adhesive labels of the different issues are normal, in this design there is possibly one of the widest shade ranges we have encountered. Stamps with great variations in the background color, in all the brown shades.
Differences in the format, type of paper or design have not been investigated; but these are not believed to be different manufacturers or reprintings, and only the small expected vertical or horizontal displacements of the design are present.

In some labels we can appreciate clouds or shades in the background design (left image), that usually do not appear in the clearest labels (right image).


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This page was created in 2000. Last updated
15.10.04 . English edition rewritted by S. Goodman (15.10.04)