SPAIN. Thermal ATM issues  2OO2 T66 (74)
Historic ships (4). XABECK (M.M.B.-C.D.M.)
Date of issue :
June 2002  (1st. known date : 13.06.02, Philat. Serv.)
47 x 27 mm. - Format type 2
Paper :
Thermal self adhesive - multicoloured 
Imprint :
Thermal on black
Imprint varieties : 2+2 (Epelsa with 5 and 4 digits small and large)
Values / Set :
0,01 € to 99,99 € / Set Phil.S.: 0,20-0,25-0,50 €
Design and Printer :
RCM-FNMT. Real Casa de la Moneda - Fábrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre
Printing :
50.000.000 of labels
Click on the image to enlarge it
Fourth issue of the ATM set dedicated to the historic vintage ships.

Among the fishing boats sailing across the Mediterranean sea there was the Xabeck ("Jabeque"), a kind of boat used by the Northern Africa pirates. Born around the XV century the Maghreb corsairs modified their structure giving birth to a new boat with extended hull, easy to handle and able to be used with few depth of water.

The Xabeck had three masts holding latin sails with triangular shape and it was able to be moved by rows. The most characteristic thing was the leaning foresail. This boat belongs to the kind called "gondola" ; that means with the bow and stern more or less lifted.

The Spanish Royal Army started to use the Xabeck around the middle of the XVIII century to fight against the Argelian pirates because they were faster and better armed than the galleys. The Royal Army built Xabecks armed to war with twenty cannons placed in a uncovered battery on the upper deck.

GITANO (Spanish Xabeck - 1750). Source : Atlas Enciclopédico de Barcos de Guerra

A very similar boat called Jabeque Tajo was displayed in previous ATM issue (1998).

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