PORTUGAL. ATM issues 2020


As in previous years, Correios de Portugal plans to release two new series of etiquetas de franqueamento in 2020, for use in its Newvision postal kiosks. One series depicts historic tokens associated with the babies abandoned at Lisbon's Santa Casa da Misericórdia, and the second to recognizing the work of the Portuguese Guardia Nacional Republicana in the rescue of migrants in the Aegean Sea.

Sinais de crianças expostas (Foundling tokens) - Santa Casa Misericórdia de Lisboa

Few philatelic themes/subjects can be so moving. The Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Lisboa (SCML), a charity created in the late 15th century, had - since 1759 - an entrance called 'roda dos expostos' or 'foundling wheel', a revolving door used when abandoning newborn babies. Along with the babies, parents sometimes left objects such as letters or small notes with information about the baby, as well as other religious or even sentimental objects; the so-called 'sinais dos expostos' or 'foundling tokens'. As can be seen in the right image (Foundling of Agostinho, 1793), some of these objects had strange cutout shapes to be used for the purpose of identifying the child in the future should the parents have ever decided to recover their child - which almost never happened. In any case, delivering a newborn to a charity did not guarantee its survival at all. As an example, of the 1,038 babies abandoned in the Santa Casa during 1743, only 260 survived.
The number of abandoned babies peaked between 1850 and 1870. The SCML alone received more than 2,500 babies each year with up to 2,909 in 1870 (i.e. 8 children a day!).
 
Although this system of abandoning children anonymously was abolished by decree in Portugal at the end of 1867, it continued in some cities until the beginning of the 20th century.

The new series shows three 'sinais dos expostos' or 'foundlings tokens', objects left with the abandoned babies and part of the documentary archive of the Santa Casa da Misericórdia; the foundling of João da Cruz, a baby born on September 14th 1802, of Susana, born in 1812, and of Maria das Dores da Cunha, born on November 18th 1863.
The design of this very poignant series is by Helder Soares, from the Design&etc graphic studio, and the rolls of self-adhesive labels were offset printed and manufactured, for the first time, by the Portuguese company Copidata, SA.
This change of manufacturer is characterised by the preprinted number on the back of the silicone coated backing paper which is much smaller than previously.
 

  The first philatelic day of issue of the series was March 27th 2020 but with the country in a state of emergency due to the coronavirus pandemic, it is possible that no Newvision postal kiosk had it on sale.

In any case, on the date of issue, the Newvision E-Post 2000 machines supplied direct printing of stamps with seven programmed values (see table below) - five for non-priority mail or Correio Normal (0.53 - 0.70 - 0.75 - 0.86 - 0.91 EUR), and two for priority mail or Correio Azul (0.65 - 2.90 EUR).
Additional postage values are also available from the E-Post 2000 M postal kiosks, which are fitted with scales.

A pictorial first day cover with the five-value set of stamps with one of the designs, and the Lisboa commemorative postmark.
There are first day postmarks for Lisboa and Porto.




Postal rates (EUR) programmed into the Amiel, NewVision and SMD vending machines

, Correio Normal Correio Azul
Change of postal rates Domestic,
up to 20 g.
normalized
Domestic,
up to
100 g.
Spain,
up to 20 g.
Europe,
up to 20 g.
Rest of the world,
up to 20 g.
Domestic,
up to 20 g.
normalized
International
up to 20 g.
1.01.2002 0.27 0.45 0.46 0.54 0.70 0.43 1.75
1.01.2003 0.30 0.46 0.47 0.55 0.70 0.43 1.75
  Domestic,
up to 20 g.
normalized
Domestic,
from 20 to 50 g.
normalized
Domestic,
up to
100 g. *
Spain,
up to 20 g.
Europe,
except Spain,
up to 20 g.
Rest of the world,
up to 20 g.
Domestic,
up to 20 g.
normalized
International
up to 20 g.
1.01.2004 0.30 0.45 0.48 0.48 0.56 0.72 0.45 1.75
1.01.2005 0.30 0.46 0.49 0.48 0.57 0.74 0.45 1.75
1.05.2006 0.30 0.48 0.50 0.52 0.60 0.75 0.45 1.80
1.01.2007 0.30 0.50 0.55 0.52 0.61 0.75 0.45 1.85
1.08.2008 0.31 0.55 0.60 0.57 0.67 0.80 0.47 1.85
1.01.2009 0.32 0.54 0.60 0.57 0.68 0.80 0.47 1.85
1.06.2010 0.32 0.53 0,60 0.57 0.68 0.80 0.47 1.85
1.04.2013 0.36 0.57 0.70 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.50 1.90
1.11.2013 0.40 0.57 0.70 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.50 1.90
All the Amiel, Crouzet & SMD vending machines were removed in 2014. Newvision postal kiosks continues in operation
* This value appeared from 2005, programmed into some of the Amiel, NewVision and SMD ATM vending machines, instead of the value of Domestic Correio normal (inland non-priority mail) between 20 and 50 g.

, Correio Normal Correio Azul
Change of
postal rates
Domestic,
up to 20 g.
normalized
Domestic,
from 20 to 50 g.
Spain,
up to 20 g.
Europe,
up to 20 g.
Rest of the world,
up to 20 g.
Domestic,
up to 20 g.
normalized
International
up to 20 g.
7.04.2014 0.42 0.57 0.62 0.72 0.80 0.50 2.20
1.03.2015 0.45 0.57 0.62 0.72 0.80 0.55 2.35
  Domestic,
up to 20 g.
normalized
Domestic,
from 20 to 50 g.
Spain,
up to 20 g.
Europe,
up to 20 g.
Rest of the world,
up to 20 g.
Domestic,
up to 20 g.
Europe,
up to 20 g.
Rest of the world,
up to 20 g.
1.02.2016 0.47 0.60 0.65 0.75 0.80 0.58 2.40 2.55
4.04.2017 0.50 0.65 0.70 0.80 0.85 0.63 2.60 2.70
2.04.2018 0.53 0.70 0.75 0.86 0.91 0.65 2.80 2.90
4.06.2019 0.51 0.70 0.75 0.86 0.91 0.65 2.80 2.90
1.09.2019 0.51 0.70 0.75 0.86 0.91 0.62 2.80 2.90
1.10.2019 0.53 0.70 0.75 0.86 0.91 0.62 2.80 2.90
1.12.2019 0.53 0.70 0.75 0.86 0.91 0.65 2.80 2.90
(The values making up the annual sets are marked in bold)



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This page was created in April 2020 and last updated:  06.05.20 . English edition last rewritten by J. Gareze (6.05.2020)