The EPELSA - MOBBA issues
  • The thermal ATMs
  • The printing varieties
  • The Control labels
  • The Adjust labels
  • The receipts
  • The ATMs conservation
  • Franking balances
  • 1992 to 1997 (11)
  • 1998 (6)
  • 1999 (13)
  • 2000 (12)
  • 2001 (13)
  • 2002 (21)
  • 2003 (16)
  • 2004
  • Epelsa  (1992-...)
  • Mobba  (1994-2001)
  • ATM vending machines
  • Epelsa LF  (2003-...)

    From 1992 the Spanish Postal Offices began to be equipped with franking balances from the Spanish manufacturers EPELSA and later MOBBA.

    These balances use rolls of 1900 adhesive labels of thermal (phosphorescent) paper printed by flexography or offset procedures. The printing of the face value and other information are of thermal type and it occurs between 70º C and 80º C (maximum density obtained at 100º C). 

    The labels are a thermal type paper (80 gr/m2), with a thermal sensitive layer for black images, and self adhesive on a roll of backing paper type crystal transparent (type BG40, 62 gr/m2 and width 48,9 mm.).  
    The form is a rectangle of 47 x 26-27 mm. and are phosphorescent for their recognition by the cancel machines.
    The ATM design is printed in cuatricomía with tertiary colours. The Philatelic Service decides the subject of the ATMs and contacts the manufacturer about the final development of the design, then awaits final approval of the Spanish Post.
    ¿ How much does an ATM really cost ?
    In many occasions this question arises, especially when in some post offices they refuse to issue ATMs with face value 1 pta. or 0,01 € arguing that the cost of manufacture of the label is much higher. 
    In September 2001, Spanish Post published the public tender for the acquisition of the 344.000 rolls of labels that they will use during 2002, with a maximum cost of 0,66 pts. per label. But the final cost of each sticky label is really around 0,45 pts. (0,0027 Euros).

    Although is possible to recognize different varieties in the first papers, there are 4 main formats or label types used as a paper for the variable value stamps or ATM issues from 1992
    Format Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 Type 4
    Manufacturer 3 manufacturers (FNMT, OVELAR and Albeniz) OVELAR (by order from RCM-FNMT) RCM-FNMT. Real Casa de la Moneda - Fabrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre SIGNE, S.A.
    Label size 47 x 27 mm. 47 x 27 mm. 47 x 26 mm. 47 x 27 mm.
    Lateral Straight side, without undulations Wavy side with points Smooth wavy side Wavy side
    Use It was used for the 3 initial ATM issues (1992 / 1994) It's used from the 4th ATM issue (1995) until 2002 It's used for some ATM issues from 2001 until 2003 Paper used in the most ATM issues 2003 and 2004
    Security It include different security measures It include different security measures It also include the printing of the Correos logo with invisible ink

    The labels incorporate security measures to avoid counterfeiting, like the use of phosphorescent paper, the text micro printing and a round cut in the centre to avoid reusage. From 1992, and to prevent the fraud, the balances printed asterisks before the face value to complete the maximum sequence of digits that the machine can print.

    The thermal ATMs includes the face value, the machine number and, in some instances, the name of the city where the Post Office is located  -- depending on the configuration of the machine. 
    The printing of the date of purchase is an option that is offered to the user of the machine (always a postal clerk in Spain), which turns the label from an ATM to a franking label for immediate use.
    Having finished the operation, the machine also prints a receipt for the user on thermal paper.

    The printing varieties | Control labels | Adjust labels | Receipts | ATMs conservation

    The ATMs
    in SPAIN
    The thermal ATMs
      ATM Web - Spain and Latin American Postal Services:
    © J. Jove - M. Sans. ATEEME. Variable value stamps study group. All rights reserved
    This page was created in 2000. Last updated : 21.04.04. English edition rewritted by S. Goodman (21.04.04)